Jade’s many colors range from white to green, lavender, yellows, reds and more. It is valued for its rich colors, and glossy luster. Because of its interlocking crystal structure it is the toughest of stones. This is the stone that was used to make tools like hammers, axes and adzes in the Stone Age.
Two stones fall under the name Jade: jadeite and nephrite, though they diverge in mineralogical composition. Jadeite is aluminum silicate and sodium, and ranges in hues from green, white, gray, yellow and lavender. Nephrite jade is calcium and magnesium, and comes in many colors as well.
Today Jade is best known as highly polished green Jadeite, which was only first introduced to China from Burma (now Myanmar) in the late 1700’s. But this is not the jade of the ancient Chinese carvings – that would be good old nephrite – of the hammers.
Jade is considered a symbolic bridge between the human and spiritual realm. It is a symbol for virtue, love and generosity. Jade is believed to promote good health and wealth. It is also said that Jade helps the wearer to relax.